kent beck (born 1961) is an american software engineer and the creator of extreme programming, a software development methodology that eschews rigid formal specification for a collaborative and iterative design process. extreme and agile methods are closely associated with test-driven development (tdd), of which beck is perhaps the leading proponent. he wrote the sunit unit testing framework for smalltalk, which spawned the xunit series of frameworks, notably junit for java, which beck wrote with erich gamma. he lives in san francisco, california and worked at social media company facebook.
 beck attended the university of oregon between 1979 and 1987, receiving b.s.  in 1996 beck was hired to work on the chrysler comprehensive compensation system. in march 1996 the development team estimated the system would be ready to go into production around one year later. in 1997 the development team adopted a way of working which is now formalized as extreme programming. the book illustrates the use of unit testing as part of the methodology, including examples in java and python.
a lot of innovation is achieved in the combination of software and new types of devices. it is common for most agile methods, to improve the working conditions of developers. the aim of this article is to recall the past and to reflect on the present agile world. according to the research of larman and basili (2003), the agile mindset started in the 1930s with the idea of “plan-do-study-act” cycles. the spiral model is a risk-driven approach to software development. the identified approaches often come from a combination of traditional approaches and agile methods. the aim of this study is to preserve the initial thoughts of the original contributors of the manifesto and to elicit their viewpoint of the future of the manifesto and agile development in general. furthermore, it presents necessary steps to preserve the origin of agile in the future. the survey was conducted in january and february 2017. we sent an invitation letter and the questionnaire to all contributors of the manifesto. according to the classification of stol et al. this leads to the final result, a formalized body of knowledge (runeson and höst 2009). he furthermore suggested, to discuss the future of the agile movement in general. some participants of the survey referred to previously held presentations at conferences, and interviews about the manifesto in previous publications. it could be a benefit to know the basics and the origin of the agile mindset. the main goal of reliability is to minimize errors and biases in the survey. the echoes of the participants in the manifesto and the principles are still perceptible. it consists of seven phases, for instance preparation of a project and deployment to the customer. he mentions that he was writing the “book and there was a chapter in there, about complexity theorem and systems” (lockard and gifford 2017c). the best design is always the result of continuous facilitation and refinement. his intention was to “teach the style of scrum to help the people to improve and accelerate” (lockard and gifford 2017a). bob martin recalls that they “made a mistake in the early days of xp, when we put that high emphasize on pair programming”(lockard and gifford 2016).
a lot of tips represent what later reappears in the agile methodologies. the process of fdd is model driven, and in the development, this is done in short iterations. bob martin (2016) discovers the problem that the adoption and the understanding of the agile manifesto is different. he emphasizes that the time for developing software in pairs should be kept at a reasonable amount of time (lockard and gifford 2016). he claims that agile has “become a management approach”, and it is sold at the highest management levels. they lockard and gifford (2016a); lockard and cleff (2016) identify the problem of too many people professing to know about agile and that many people misinterpret the basic claim of the manifesto. according to brian marick (2016c), agile and scrum are a “brand rather than a mindset”, and the craft of software development has been lost. one supports the adaption of the manifesto to different domains in and outside the area of software engineering. one participant mentions that the manifesto sets a standard of values and principles most people ignore. in a changing world, the evolution of agile software development is still going on. he predicts that agile ideas will permeate business, but he is aware of the fact that this is a slow and uncertain process. it helps to clarify whether the interpretations of the manifesto are still valid and represent the original ideas. starting in the area of software development, agile is nowadays spreading more and more into business. the study results emphasize that it is in our hands to create and maintain the future of agile. understanding and a continuous learning is an important step in mastering the basics of agile. broy, m (2006) challenges in automotive software engineering in: proceedings of the 28th international conference on software engineering, 33–42.. acm, new york. in: bendraou r, raffo d, liguo h, maggi fm (eds)proceedings of the 2017 international conference on software and system process – icssp 2017, 30–39.. acm press, new york. accessed 06 oct 2016. lockard, r, cleff a (2016) agile uprising agile manifesto review. scrum.org (2017) ken schwaber on the history of scrum. on the use of agile and traditional development practices. back to the future: origins and directions of the “agile manifesto” – views of the originators.
kent beck mike beedle arie van bennekum alistair cockburn ward cunningham martin fowler, james grenning kent beck tells the story of an early job in which he estimated a programming effort of six weeks for two people. after his the agile manifesto we are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. through this work we have come to value: individuals and interactions over processes and tools. working software over comprehensive documentation. customer collaboration over contract negotiation., agile manifesto pdf, agile manifesto pdf, agile manifesto history, agile manifesto wiki, agile methodology.
beck was one of the 17 original signatories of the agile manifesto, the founding document for agile software ron jeffries adds that the original idea “kent beck had in mind with extreme programming, [was] to the agile manifesto outlines 4 values and 12 principles for teams, kent beck, james grenning, robert c. martin., agile software development, working software over comprehensive documentation, agile framework, agile definition
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